Ukraine

Site Description

Locations

The main activities in 2016 were carried out for the JECAM test site in Kyiv region.

  • Location

The site consists of two parts:

  • the whole Kyiv region (28,000 sq. km) indented for crop mapping and acreage estimation (Fig. 1-a);
  • intensive observation sub-site (25x15 sq. km) indented for crop biophysical parameters estimation (Fig. 1-b). This sub-site consists of research farm of National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine (NULESU) where intensive in-situ measurements are being collected.

The latitude and longitude of the site and sub-site are given in Table 1.


Figure 1. JECAM Test Sites Location. Kyiv region (a) and intensive observation sub-site - Vasilkov county (b)

  • ​Topogaphy:

    Landscape is mostly flat with slopes ranging from 0% to 2%. Near 10% of the territory is hilly with slopes about 2-5%.

  •  

    Soils:

    Soils of cultivated land are mainly different kinds of humus.

  • Drainage class/irrigation:

    Soil drainage is ranging from poor to well-drained. Irrigation infrastructure is limited. About 6% of the territory is drained (1700 sq. km). About 4% (1200 sq. km) of the territory is used for irrigated agriculture.

  • Crop calendar:

    The crop calendar is September-July for winter crops, and April-October for spring and summer crops.

  • Field size:

    A typical field size is 30-250 ha.

  • Climate and weather:

    The climatic zone is humid continental.

  • Agricultural methods used:

    Crop types include winter wheat (Fig. 2), winter rapeseed, spring barley, maize, soy beans (Fig. 3), sunflower, sugar beet, and vegetables. Due to relatively large number of major crops and other factors there is no a typical simple crop rotation in this region. Most producers use different crop rotations depending on specialization.

  • Photograph(s):


    Figure 2. Winter wheat field (April, 11, 2016)


Figure 3. Soybeans field (July, 29, 2016)
 

©2015 Joint Experiment for Crop Assessment and Monitoring
© HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN IN RIGHT OF CANADA SA MAJESTE LA REINE DU CHEF DU CANADA (2015)