Italy - Apulian Tavoliere

Site Description

Locations

Site Description

The interest of our study is focused on “Capitanata area”, a plain of about 4000 km2 located in the northern part of Apulia Region (south-eastern Italy, latitude 41° 26’ 56.62” N, longitude 15° 30’ 8.38” E, altitude 89 m a.s.l.). Such area is characterized by farms with average size up to 20 ha, highly productive soils cultivated under intensive and irrigated regime. Winter durum wheat (Triticum durum L.) represents the main cereal crop often grown in rotations with irrigated horticultural species. Among these, processing tomato crop (Lycopersicon aesculentum Mill.) is well represented. In particular, two-year  rotation (tomato-wheat) and three-year  rotation (tomato-wheat-wheat) are the typical farming rotations of this important productive area.

“Capitanata” plain is delimited by the Apennines Chain west and by Gargano Promontory east and is mostly constituted by continental and fluvial sediments and some terraced marine deposits of Pliocene and Pleistocene ages. The climate of this zone is classified as climate “Accentuated Thermo-Mediterranean” (UNESCO-FAO), with winter seasons characterized by temperatures that sometimes descend below 0 °C and hot summers with temperature that may exceed 40 °C. Annual precipitations range between 400 and 800 mm, mostly concentrated in winter months.

In general the soils are deep and clay with vertic behaviour, characterized by large and deep cracks in summer season under rain fed conditions. A wide part of the area is served by an irrigation consortium that fulfill the water requirements of crops with spring-summer cycle (as tomato). In other parts, the irrigation for spring crops is carried out utilizing private wells. The water table is very deep (200-300 m).

Soil Texture: Clay
Landscape Topology: Flat area
Soil Drainage Class: Good

Other Site Specifications:
Irrigation infrastructure is based on irrigation network or on private wells


Figure 1 Ariel Photo of Study Area

 


Figure 2 Photo of the meteorological station at the experimental farm of CRA-SCA.

 


Figure 3 Photo of Capitanata.
 

©2015 Joint Experiment for Crop Assessment and Monitoring
© HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN IN RIGHT OF CANADA SA MAJESTE LA REINE DU CHEF DU CANADA (2015)