Canadian Red River Watershed

Site Description

Locations

Brunkild Sub-Watershed
Site Extent   Centroid: 49.674, -97.995
Top left: 49.679, -98.196 Bottom Right: 49.632, -97.804

Red River Watershed
Site Extent   Centroid: 49.425, -97.707
Top left: 50.584, -100.146 Bottom Right: 48.999, -95.407

  • Location: Red River and Assiniboine River Basins, Manitoba, Canada
  • Topography: Majority of the soils in the study area is derived from lacustrine-based depositions and is very flat.  The northern edge of the study area is more influenced by glacial-till deposition and has lower relief ridge and swale topography.
  • Soils: Majority of soils have a clay surface texture as a result of lacustrine deposits.  Soils in the southwest region of the study area have sandier surface textures (sands-loamy sands) overlaying heavier clay deposits.  Soils in the northern region are generally finer textured loams-clay loams with the occurrence of stones as a result of glacial-till deposits.
  • Drainage class/irrigation: Majority of the soils are imperfect to poorly drained.  A large network of surface drains is in place to allow the production of annual crops.  A limited amount of irrigation exists in the area near Portage la Prairie and Carmen on lands devoted to the production of potatoes and high-value horticultural crops.  Tile drainage is installed on a small percentage of land around Carmen on imperfectly drained soils that are used for high value crop production.
  • Crop calendar: Early May  – early June (seeding), August – early October (harvest)
  • Field size: Quarter Section - 64 hectares (160 acres)
  • Climate and weather: The study area falls into the Humid Continental climate zone with cold winters and warm summers.  Precipitation is distributed throughout the year with the majority of precipitation falling in the spring and summer months.
  • Agricultural Crops used: Land is primarily used for the production of annual crops.  Primary crops include: wheat, oats, canola, soybeans, and corn.  Potato production and other horticultural crops are produced near Carmen and Portage la Prairie.  Conventional and minimum tillage systems are used for most annual crop production.  The more marginal land in the northern areas is used for forage and pasture production.  

Figure 1: Location of the JECAM monitoring site in Southern Manitoba, Canada

Example of the general morphology and landscape of the JECAM monitoring site in Manitoba, Canada.

©2015 Joint Experiment for Crop Assessment and Monitoring
© HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN IN RIGHT OF CANADA SA MAJESTE LA REINE DU CHEF DU CANADA (2015)