Morocco - Tensift

Project Reports

2017 Site Progress Report

2016 Site Progress Report

2015 Site Progress Report

2014 Site Progress Report

Published Articles


Malbéteau Y., O. Merlin, G. Balsamo, S. Er-Raki, S. Khabba, J.P. Walker, L. Jarlan, 2017. Towards a soil moisture product at high spatio-temporal resolution: temporally-interpolated spatially-disaggregated SMOS data based on precipitation. Journal of Hydrometeorology, accepted.

Ayyoub, A., Khabba, S., Er-Raki, S., Merlin, O. and Bahlaoui, A. (2017). Calibration and validation of the Penman-Monteith model for estimating evapotranspiration of an orange orchard in semi-arid region. Acta Hortic. 1150, 15-22.

Nassah, H., Er-Raki, S., Khabba, S., Fakir, Y., Ezzahar, J., Hanich, L. and Merlin, O. (2017). Evaluation of deep percolation in irrigated citrus orchards in the semi-arid region of Tensift Al Haouz, Morocco. Acta Hortic. 1150, 145-152.

Abdellatif Ayyoub, Salah Er-Raki, Saïd Khabba Khabba, Olivier Merlin, Julio Cesar Rodriguez, Jamal Ezzahar, Ahmed Bahlaoui, and Abdelghani Chehbouni. A simple and alternative approach based on reference evapotranspiration and leaf area index for estimating tree transpiration in semi-arid regions.. Agricultural Water Management, in press, 2017.

Luis Enrique Olivera-Guerra, Cristian Mattar, Olivier Merlin, Claudio Durán-Alarcón, Andrés Santamaría-Artigas and Rodrigo Fuster. An operational method for the disaggregation of land surface temperature to estimate actual evapotranspiration in the arid region of Chile. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, in press, 2017.

Stefan V., O. Merlin, B. Molero, B. Aït-Hssaine, M.-J. Escorihuela, P. Quintana-Seguí, S. Er-Raki, 2017. Improving the physics and robustness of an evaporation-based disaggregation method of SMOS soil moisture data. Submitted to Remote Sensing of Environment.

Jian Peng, Alexander Loew, Olivier Merlin, Niko E. C. Verhoest, 2017. Spatial downscaling of remotely sensed soil moisture. Reviews of Geophysics, under review.

Alhousseine Diarra, Lionel Jarlan, Salah Er-Raki; Michel Le Page, Ghizlane Aouade, Adrien Tavernier, Gilles Boulet, Jamal Ezzahar, Olivier Merlin, Said Khabba, 2017. Performance of the two-source energy budget (TSEB) model for the monitoring of evapotranspiration over irrigated annual crops in North Africa. Agricultural Water Management, in revision.

Andreas Colliander, Josh Fisher, Olivier Merlin et al. SMAP soil moisture disaggregation with MODIS during SMAPVEX15. In preparation for Remote Sensing of Environment.


Malbéteau Y., O. Merlin, S. Gascoin, J.P. Gastellu, C. Mattar, L. Olivera-Guerra, S. Khabba, L. Jarlan, Normalizing land surface temperature data for elevation and illumination effects in mountainous areas: A case study using ASTER data over a steep-sided valley in Morocco, Remote Sensing of Environment, Volume 189, February 2017, Pages 25-39, ISSN 0034-4257,

Merlin O., V. Stefan, A. Amazirh, A. Chanzy, E. Ceschia, S. Er-Raki, P. Gentine, T. Tallec, J. Ezzahar, S. Bircher, J. Beringer, S. Khabba: Modeling soil evaporation efficiency in a range of soil and atmospheric conditions using a meta-analysis approach. Water Resources Research, 52, May 2016, pp 3663–3684 2016,

Merlin, O., Olivera-Guerra, L., Aït Hssaine, B., Amazirh, A., Rafi, Z., Gentine, P., Ezzahar, J., Er-Raki, S.. A phenomenological model of soil evaporative efficiency using readily available data. In preparation for Agricultural and Forest Meteorology.


Belaqziz, S., S. Mangiarotti, M. Le Page, S. Khabba, S. Er-Raki, T. Agouti, L. Drapeau, M.H. Kharrou, M. El Adnani, and L. Jarlan. 2014. “Irrigation Scheduling of a Classical Gravity Network Based on the Covariance Matrix Adaptation – Evolutionary Strategy Algorithm.” Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 102: 64–72.

Jarlan, L, J Abaoui, B Duchemin, A Ouldbba, Y M Tourre, S Khabba, M Le Page, R Balaghi, A Mokssit, and G Chehbouni. 2014. “Linkages between Common Wheat Yields and Climate in Morocco (1982-2008).” International journal of biometeorology 2014, 58 (7), p. 1489-1502. ISSN 0020-7128

Le Page M., Jihad Toumi , Saïd Khabba, Olivier Hagolle, Adrien Tavernier,M. Hakim Kharrou, Salah Er-Raki, Mireille Huc , Mohamed Kasbani , Abdelilah El Moutamanni, Mohamed Yousfi  and Lionel Jarlan, A Life-Size and Near Real-Time Test of Irrigation Scheduling with a Sentinel-2 Like Time Series (SPOT4-Take5) in Morocco, Remote Sensing, 2014, 6, 11182-11203; doi:10.3390/rs61111182.

Merlin, Olivier, Yoann Malbéteau, Youness Notfi, Stefan Bacon, and Salah Er-raki. 2015. “Performance Metrics for Soil Moisture Downscaling Methods : Application to DISPATCH Data in Central Morocco.” Remote Sensing, minor revision

Merlin, Olivier, Jonas Chirouze, Albert Olioso, Lionel Jarlan, Ghani Chehbouni, and Gilles Boulet. 2014. “An Image-Based Four-Source Surface Energy Balance Model to Estimate Crop Evapotranspiration from Solar Reflectance/thermal Emission Data (SEB-4S).” AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY 184: 188–203.

Mangiarotti, S., L. Drapeau, and C. Letellier. 2014. “Two Chaotic Models for Cereal Crops Cycles Observed from Satellite in Northern Morocco.” Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Non linear Science 24: 023130

Toumi, J., Er-Raki, S., Ezzahar, J., Khabba, S., Jarlan, L.  2015. Calibration and Validation of the Aquacrop model for estimating evapotranspiration and grain yields of winter wheat in semi-arid region of Tensift Al-Haouz (Marrakech, Morocco): application to manage water irrigation. Agricultural and Water Management, en revision.

Vivien G. Stefan, Olivier Merlin, Salah Er-Raki, Maria-José Escorihuela, and Said Khabba, 2015.  Consistency between in situ, model-derived and image-based soil temperature endmembers: towards a robust data-based model for multi-resolution monitoring of crop evapotranspiration. Submitted to  Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci.


Amenzou, N., Marah, H., Raibi, F., Ezzahar, J., Khabba, S., Jarlan L.,, Ismaili, M.; Estimation of soil evaporation and infiltration losses using stables isotopes, Fluxmeter and Eddy-Covariance system for citrus orchards in a semi-arid region (Morocco); Academia Journal of Environmental Sciences,1 (1): 001-008 (2013).

Belaqziz, S., Khabba, S., Er-Raki, S., Jarlan, L., Le Page, M., Kharrou, M.H., Adnani, M.E., Chehbouni, A., 2013, A new irrigation priority index based on remote sensing data for assessing the networks irrigation scheduling, Agricultural Water Management, 119, pp. 19.

Belaqziz S., Mangiarotti S., Le Page, M., Khabba S., Er-Raki S., Agouti T., Drapeau L., Kharrou M.H., El Adnani M., Jarlan L., 2014, Irrigation scheduling of a classical gravity network based on the Covariance Matrix Adaptation -Evolutionary Strategy algorithm, Computer and Electronics in Agriculture, 102: 64-72

Belaqziz, S., El Fazziki, A., Mangiarotti, S., Le Page, M., Khabba, S., Er-Raki, S., El Adnani, M., Jarlan, L. 2013. An agent based modeling for the gravity irrigation management. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 19, 804-813.

Bossé Bruno, Bruno Bussière, Rachid Hakkou, Abdelkabir Maqsoud and Mostafa Benzaazoua (2013) Assessment of Phosphate Limestone Wastes as a Component of a Store-and-Release Cover in a Semiarid Climate. Mine Water and Environment, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 152-167.

Bossé Bruno, Bruno Bussière, Abdelkabir Maqsoud, Rachid Hakkou and Mostafa Benzaazoua (2013) Influence of Water Retention Curve Hysteresis on the Behavior of a Store-and-Release Cover, Engineering Geology Journal,  Réf ENGEO-S-13-00779

Boussetta, S., Balsamo, G., Beljaars, A., Kral, T., Jarlan, L., 2013, Impact of a satellite-derived leaf area index monthly climatology in a global numerical weather prediction model, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 34 (9-10), pp. 3520-3542.

Boussetta S., Balsamo G., Beljaars A., Agusti-Panareda A., Calvet J.C., Jacobs C., Van den Hurk B., Viterbo P., Lafont S., Dutra E., Jarlan L. , Balzarolo M., Papale D., Van der Werf G., 2013, Natural land carbon dioxide exchanges in the ECMWF Integrated Forecasting System:  Implementation and offline validation, accepted for publication in Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmosphere, May 2013.

Chirouze, J., Boulet G., Jarlan, L., Fieuzal, R., Garatuza-Payan, J., Watts, C., Rodriguez, J.C., Ezzahar, J., Er-raki, S., Merlin O. and G. Chehbouni, Inter-comparison of four remote sensing based surface energy balance methods to retrieve surface evapotranspiration and hydric stress of irrigated fields in semi-arid climate, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, en revision.

Diarra, A., Jarlan, L., Er-Raki, S., Le Page, M., Khabba, S., Bigeard G., Tavernier, A., Chirouze, J., Fanise, P., Moutammani, A., Ezzahar, J., Kharrou, M.H., Chehbouni, G. 2013. Characterization of evapotranspiration over irrigated crops in a semi-arid area (Marrakech, Morocco) using an energy budget model. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 19, 504-513.

El Himer H., Y. Fakir , T. Y. Stigter , M. Le Page , A. El Mandour & L. Ribeiro (2013): Assessment of groundwater vulnerability to pollution of a wetland watershed: The case study of the Oualidia-Sidi Moussa wetland, Morocco, Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 16:2,205-215.

Goumih. A, El Adnani. M, Hakkou. R, Benzaazoua. M, (2013) Geochemical Behavior of the Mine Tailings and Waste Rock atthe Abandoned Cu-Mo-W Azegour Mine (Occidental High Atlas, Morocco),  Mine Water and Environment, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 121-132

Khabba, S., Jarlan, L., Er-Raki, S., Le Page, M., Ezzahar, J., Boulet, G., Simonneaux, V., Kharrou, MH., Hanich, L., Chehbouni, G. 2013. The SudMed program and the Joint International Laboratory TREMA:  A decade of water transfer study in the Soil-Plant-Atmosphere system over irrigated crops in semi-arid area. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 19, 524-533.

Khalil A., L. Hanich , A. Bannari , L. Zouhri , O. Pourret and R. Hakkou  (2013) Assessment of soil contamination around an abandoned mine in a semi-arid environment using geochemistry and geostatistics: Pre-work of geochemical process modeling with numerical models. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 25, 117-129.

Khalil A., L. Hanich, R. Hakkou and  M. Lepage (2013)  GIS-Based Environmental Database for Assessing Pollution Around Abandoned Mines in Morocco: The Kettara Mine Site as a Case Study, Journal of Geochemical Exploration (JGE, Elsevier). Special Issue (Environmental and Health Impacts of Mining in Africa) Réf: GEXPLO-S-13-00231

Kharrou M.H., M. Le Page, A. Chehbouni, V. Simonneaux, S. Er-Raki, L. Jarlan, L Ouzine, S. Khabba, G.  Chehbouni, 2013. “Assessment of equity and adequacy of water delivery in irrigation systems using remote sensing-based indicators in semi-arid region, Morocco”, Water Ressources Management, DOI: 10.1007/s11269-013-0438-5.

Lghoul M.; A. Maqsoud; R. Hakkou and A. Kchikach (2013) Groundwater Hydrogeochemical behavior around the abandoned Kettara mine site, Morocco), Journal of Geochemical Exploration (JGE, Elsevier). Special Issue (Environmental and Health Impacts of Mining in Africa) Réf:  RGEXPLO-S-13-00257

Jarlan L., Abaoui J., Duchemin B., Tourre Y., Ouldbba A., Mangiarotti S., Kharrou H., Khabba S., Ballaghi R., Le Page M., Mokssit A., Chehbouni A., 2013, Déterminants climatiques de la variabilité interannuelle des rendements en céréales et prévision précoce. Application à la province de Settat (Maroc), accepté pour publication dans Revue Française de Photogrammétrie et Télédétection, 11 pages.

Jarlan L., Driouech F., Duchemin B., Tourre Y., Abaoui J., Bouysse M., Ouldbba A., Mokssit A. and Chehbouni G, 2013, Vegetation dynamics over Morocco (1982 – 2008):  Linkages with climate signals and seasonal prediction, International Journal of Climatology, DOI: 10.1002/joc.3762.

Jarlan L., Abaoui J., Duchemin B., Ouldbba A., Tourre Y., Khabba S., Balaghi R., Mokssit A., Chehbouni G., 2013, Linkages between Wheat Yields and Climate (1982-2008), accepted for publication in International Journal of Biometeorology.

Loutou M., M.Hajjaji, M.Mansori,C. Favotto and R.Hakkou (2013) Phosphate sludge: thermal transformation and use as lightweight aggregate material. Journal of Environmental Management, (sous press) pp-1-7, DOI:10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.09.004

Marchane A., Jarlan L., Hanich L., Boudhar A., 2013, Caractérisation de l’enneigement sur l’Atlas marocain par le capteur MODIS et relation avec le climat (période 2000-2011), accepté pour publication dans Revue Française de Photogrammétrie et Télédétection, 14 pages.

Merlin O., Chirouze J., Olioso A., Jarlan J., Chehbouni G., Boulet G., 2013, A self-calibrated optical-based four-source surface energy balance model to estimate crop evapotranspiration and water deficit (SEB-4S), accepted for publication in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, April 2013.

Ouakibi O., Loqman. S, Hakkou. R, Benzaazoua. M, (2013) The Potential Use of Phosphatic Limestone Wastes in the Passive Treatment of AMD: a Laboratory Study, Mine Water and Environment,  sous press,  DOI: 10.1007/s10230-013-0226-8


Benhadj I., Duchemin B., Simonneaux V., Maisongrande P., Khabba S., Chehbouni A.G., 2012, Automatic unmixing of MODIS multi-temporal data for inter-annual monitoring of land use at regional scale (Tensift, Morocco). International Journal of Remote Sensing, 33(5):1325-1348.

Boulet, G., Olioso, A., Ceschia, E., Marloie, O., Coudert, B., Rivalland, V., Chirouze, J., Chehbouni, G., 2012. An empirical expression to relate aerodynamic and surface temperatures for use within single-source energy balance models. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 161: 148-155.

Claverie, M.; Demarez, V.; Duchemin, B.; Hagolle, O.; Ducrot, D.; Marais-Sicre, C.; Dejoux, J.F.; Huc, M.; Keravec, P.; Béziat, P.; Fieuzal, R.; Ceschia, E.; Dedieu, G., 2012, Maize and sunflower biomass estimation in southwest France using high spatial and temporal resolution sensing data, Remote Sensing of Environment, 124, pp. 844-867

Delogu, E., Boulet, G., Olioso, A., Coudert, B., Chirouze, J., Ceschia, E., Le Dantec, V., Marloie, O., Chehbouni, G., Lagouarde, J.P., 2012. Reconstruction of temporal variations of evapotranspiration using instantaneous estimates at the time of satellite overpass. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16(8): 2995-3010.

Er-Raki, S., Khabba, S., Er-raji, T., A., Ezzahar, J., Jarlan, L., Hanich, L., Chehbouni, G., 2012. Evaluation of the sap flow measurements determined with Heat Balance Method for citrus orchards in semi-arid region. Acta Horticulturae, 951: 259-268.

Ezzahar, J., Er-Raki, S., Marah, H., Khabba, S., Amenzou, N. Chehbouni, G., 2012. Coupling Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere-Transfer model with Energy Balance model for estimating energy and water vapor fluxes over an olive orchard in semi-arid region. Global Changes, 1 (e1): 1-8.

Le Page M., Berjamy B., Fakir Y., Bourgin F., Jarlan L., Abourida A.,Benrhanem M., Jacob G., Huber M., Sghrer, F., Simonneaux V., Chehbouni G., 2012, An integrated DSS for groundwater management based on Remote Sensing. The case of a semi-arid aquifer in Morocco, Water Resources Management, 26(11) : 3209-3230 , DOI: 10.1007/s11269-012-0068-3.

Lghoul M., Kchikach A., Hakkou R., Zouhri L., Guérin R., Bendjoudi H., Teixido T., Peña J.A., Enrique L., Jaffal M., Hanich L., 2012. Etude géophysique et hydrogéologique du site minier abandonné de Kettara (région de Marrakech, Maroc) : contribution au projet de réhabilitation. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 57 (2), 370–381

Lghoul M., Teixidó T., Peña J. A., Hakkou R., Kchikach A., Guérin R., Jaffal M. and Zouhri L. (2012)  Electrical and Seismic Tomography Used to Image the Structure of a Tailings Pond at the Abandoned Kettara Mine, Morocco. Mine Water and Environment, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 53-61

Mangiarotti S., Coudret R., Drapeau L. & Jarlan L., 2012. Polynomial search and Global modelling: two algorithms for modeling chaos. Physical Review E 86(4), 046205.

Mangiarotti S., Martinez J.-M., Bonnet M.-P., Buarque D.C., Filizola N. & Mazzega P., 2012. Water Flow and Solid Suspended Particles Flow Estimated along the Mainstream of the Amazon and the Madeira Rivers (from in situ and MODIS Satellite Data). International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, doi: 10.1016/j.jag.2012.07.015.

Mangiarotti S., Sekhar M., Berthon L., Javeed Y., & P. Mazzega, 2012. Causality Analysis of Groundwater dynamics based on a Vector Autoregressive model in the semi-arid basin of Gundal (South India). Journal of Applied Geophysics, 83, 1–10, doi: 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2012.04.003.

Mangiarotti S., Mazzega P., Mougin E. & Hiernaux P., 2012. Predictability of vegetation cycles over the semi-arid region of Gourma (Mali) from forecasts of AVHRR-NDVI signals. Remote Sensing of Environment, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2012.03.011, 123, 246–257.

Martin A., Boutin J., Hauser D., Reverdin G., Parde M., Zribi Mehrez, Fanise Pascal, Chanut J., Lazure P., Tenerelli J., Reul N. Remote sensing of sea surface salinity from carols l-band radiometer in the gulf of Biscay. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2012, 50 (5), p. 1703-1715. ISSN 0196-2892

Merlin O., Jacob Frédéric, Wigneron J. P., Walker J., Chehbouni Abdelghani. Multidimensional disaggregation of land surface temperature using high-resolution red, near-infrared, shortwave-infrared, and microwave-l bands. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2012, 50 (5), p. 1864-1880. ISSN 0196-2892

Oufline R, Hakkou R., Hanich L and Boularbah A (2012) Impact of Human Activities on the Physico-chemical Quality of Surface Water and Groundwater in the North of Marrakech (Morocco). Environmental Technology,  Volume 33, Issue 18, pp 2077-2088

Zribi, M.; Kotti, F.; Lili-Chabaane, Z.; Baghdadi, N.; Ben Issa, N.; Amri, R.; Duchemin, B.; Chehbouni, A. (2012). Soil Texture Estimation Over a Semiarid Area Using TerraSAR-X Radar Data. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 10.1109/LGRS.2011.2168379, WOS:000301236900007.


Maria Jose Escorihuela, O. Merlin, S. Er-Raki, F. Ferrer, Q. Gao, O. A. Eweys, L. Olivera, A. Amazirh, B. AitHssaine, M. Fontanet, S. Khabba and M. Zribi. Estimation of high temporal and spatial resolution soil moisture for crop irrigation management by multi-sensor remote sensing approach. Recent Advances in Quantitative Remote Sensing 2017, Valencia, Spain.

Olivier Merlin, Luis Olivera-Guerra, Bouchra Aït Hssaine, Abdelhakim Amazirh, Yoann Malbéteau, Vivien Stefan, Beatriz Molero, Zoubair Rafi, Maria José Escorihuela, J. Ezzahar, S. Khabba, J. Walker, Y. Kerr, V. Simonneaux and S. Er-Raki. EVAPORATION-BASED DISAGGREGATION OF SURFACE SOIL MOISTURE DATA: THE DISPATCH METHOD, THE CATDS PRODUCT AND ON-GOING RESEARCH, IGARSS 2017.

Amazirh A., O. Merlin, S. Er-Raki, S. Khabba, L. Olivera, C. Mattar Modelling root-zone soil moisture from observed and simulated surface fluxes. WECC 2016, Marrakech, Morocco.

Malbéteau Y., Merlin O., Jarlan L., Khabba S., Escorihuela M.J., Molero B., Kerr Y.. Towards a soil moisture product at high-spatio-temporal resolution: time interpolation of spatially-disaggregated SMOS data based on high-frequency precipitation data. ESA Living Planet 2016, Praga, Tchec rep..

Vivien Georgiana Stefan, Olivier Merlin, Maria José Escorihuela, Bouchra AïtHssaine, Beatriz Molero, Jamal Ezzahar, Salah Er-Raki, Ahmad Al Bitar, and Yann Kerr. Towards a robust evaporation-based disaggregation method of SMOS soil moisture by combining high-resolution shortwave/thermal and available meteorological data. European Geophysical Union 2016, Vienna, Austria.

Aithssaine B., J. Ezzahar, L. Jarlan, O. Merlin, S. Khabba and S.Er-Raki. Combining a two source energy balance model, aggregation approach  and MODIS  data to estimate area-averged turbulent fluxes during the AMMA experiment. WECC 2016, Marrakech, Morocco.

Bouchra Ait Hssaine, Jamal Ezzahar, Lionel Jarlan, Olivier Merlin, Said Khabba, Aurore Brut, Salah Er-Raki, Bernard Cappelaere and Ghani Chehbouni. Combining a thermal-based two source energy balance model driven by MODIS observations and an aggregation scheme to estimate surface tubulent fluxes in heterogeneous conditions over small catchment in West Africa (Wankama, Niger). INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE on ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES FOR SIGNAL& IMAGE PROCESSING 2017, Marrakech, Morocco.

Maria Jose Escorihuela, Cyril Piou, Olivier Merlin, Mehrez Zribi, Omar Ali Eweys and Benjamin Koetz. Soil Moisture for dEsert Locust earLy Survey- SMELLS project. ESA Living Planet 2016, Praga, Tchec rep..

Al Bitar A., Merlin O., Malbeteau Y., Molero B., Zribi M., Sekhar M., Tomer S., Escorihuela M.J.,  Vivien S., Suere C.,  Mialon A., Kerr Y. On the use of L-band microwave and multi-mission EO data from optical and radar for high resolution soil moisture. European Geophysical Union 2017, Vienna, Austria.

Jamal Ezzahar, Abdelghani Chehbouni, Salah Er-Raki, Ghizlane Aouade, Said Khabba, Olivier Merlin, Gilles Boulet, and Lionel Jarlan. A Two-source Energy Balance Model for estimating evapotranspiration over an olive orchard in a semi-arid region of Morocco. European Geophysical Union 2016, Vienna, Austria.

Er-Raki S., A. Amazirh, Luis Olivera-Guerra, S. Khabba, O. Merlin, J. Ezzahar, V. Simonneaux, A. Chehbouni and L. Jarlan. Using the selective assimilation procedure of soil moisture data in FAO-56 model for improving evapotranspiration estimates over wheat crop in a semi-arid region. Recent Advances in Quantitative Remote Sensing 2017, Valencia, Spain.

Jarlan L., Zribi M., Le Page M., Khabba S., Merlin O., Lili Chahbane Z., Le Dantec V., Al Bitar A., Simonneaux V., Er-Raki S., Mougenot B., Drapeau L. and Boulet G.. Remote sensing indicators of drought and plant water stress from multi-spectral remote sensing observations for the South Mediterranean region. HYMEX workshop 2016, Spain.

Le Dantec V., Wafa Chebbi, G. Boulet, Olivier Merlin, Zohra Lili Chabaane, Salah Er Raki, Eric Ceschia, Said Khabba, Pascal Fanise, Bartosz Zawilski, Vincent Simonneaux, Lionel Jarlan. Photochemical Reflectance Index (PRI) as a Proxy of Light Use Efficiency (LUE) and Transpiration in Mediterranean Crop Sites. American Geophysical Union 2016, San Francisco, USA.

Le Dantec, Valerie; Chebbi, Wafa; Boulet, Gilles; Er Raki, Salah; Lili Chabaane, Zohra; Khabba, Said; Fanise, Pascal; Zawilski, Bartosz; Ceschia, Eric; Merlin, Olivier; Simonneaux, Vincent; Jarlan, Lionel. Photochemical Reflectance Index (PRI) as a proxy of Light Use Efficiency (LUE) and transpiration in Mediterranean crop sites. FLEX workshop 2017, Frascati, Italy.

Sabah Sabaghy, Jeffrey Walker, Luigi Renzullo,  Ruzbeh Akbar, Narendra Das, Richard de Jeu, Dara Entekhabi, Anouk Gevaert, Thomas Jackson, Olivier Merlin, Mahta Moghaddam, Maria Piles, Chris Rüdiger, and Vivien Stefan. An evaluation of optical-, radar- and radiometer- based downscaling approaches. 3rd Satellite Soil Moisture Validation and Application Workshop, April 2016, New York, USA.

Sabah Sabaghy, Jeffrey Walker, Luigi Renzullo, Ruzbeh Akbar, Steven Chan, Julian Chaubell, Narendra Das, R. Scott Dunbar, Dara Entekhabi, Anouk Gevaert, Thomas Jackson, Olivier Merlin, Mahta Moghaddam, Jinzheng Peng, Jeffrey Piepmeier, Maria Piles, Christoph Rüdiger, Vivien Stefan, Xiaoling Wu, Nan Ye, and Simon Yueh. COMPARISON OF DOWNSCALING TECHNIQUES FOR HIGH RESOLUTION SOIL MOISTURE MAPPING. IGARSS 2017. 

Nan Ye, Jeffrey Walker, Xiaoling Wu, Thomas Jackson, Luigi Renzullo, Olivier Merlin, Christoph Rüdiger, Dara Entekhabi, Richard DeJeu, and Edward Kim.  TOWARDS VALIDATION OF SMAP: SMAPEX-4 & -5.  IGARSS 2016, 

Le Page M., Khabba S., Simonneaux V., Belaqziz S., Kharrou M.H., Er-Rak S., Berjamy B., Fakir Y., Duchemin B., Boulet G., Mougenot B., Lili Chaabane Z., Hagolle O., Chehbouni G., Jarlan L. 2014. Remote Sensing Time Series for Water Management of Irrigated Areas in Semi-Arid Regions. Sentinel-2 for Science Workshop, 20 - 22 May 2014, Frascati, Italy

Er-Raki, S., Khabba, S., Ezzahar, J., Jarlan, L., Chehbouni, G. 2014. Using the Heat Balance Method to measure sap flow (Transpiration) of olives and Citrus Orchards in Semi-Arid Region of Morocco. 7th International Conference on Thermal Engineering: Theory and Applications, May 6-8, 2014, Marrakesh-Morocco.

Khabba, S., Er-Raki, S., Le Page, M., Hamaoui, A., Jarlan, L. 2014. Evapotranspiration of an orange orchard in the semi-arid conditions: Calibration and validation of the Penman-Monteith Model. 7th International Conference on Thermal Engineering: Theory and Applications, May 6-8, 2014, Marrakesh-Morocco.

Diarra, A., Jarlan, L., Er-Raki, S., Khabba, S., Le Page, M. 2014. Using the Two Source Energy Balance (TSEB) approach for estimating latent heat flux of irrigated crops in semi-arid area of Marrakech (Morocco). 7th International Conference on Thermal Engineering: Theory and Applications, May 6-8, 2014, Marrakesh-Morocco.

Toumi, J., Le Page, M., Er-Raki, S., Khabba, S., Ezzahar, J., Tavarnier, A., El Moutamanni, A., Kharrou, M.H., Hagolle, O., Jarlan, L. Simulations of water and energy fluxes of Winter Wheat into Soil-Plant-Atmosphere in semi-arid region: test of SAMIR software in the context of the SPOT4-Take5 experiment. 7th International Conference on Thermal Engineering: Theory and Applications, May 6-8, 2014, Marrakesh-Morocco.

Toumi, J., Le Page, M., Er-Raki, S., Khabba, S., Tavarnier, A., Kharrou, M.H., Belaqziz, S., Ezzahar, J., Jarlan, L. 2014. Potentialités de l'imagerie satellitaire pour le pilotage de l’irrigation  en conditions réelles: Test du logiciel SAMIR pour une culture du blé  dans la région Tensift Al Haouz/Marrakech. Journées Méditerranéens des Systèmes d’Informations de l’Eau. 20- 21 Mars, Rabat, Maroc.

L. Jarlan, S. Khabba, M. Le Page, S. Er-Raki, L. Hanich, Y. Fakir, S. Mangiarotti, J. Ezzahar, M.H. Kharrou, B. Berjamy, O. Merlin,  A. Saaïdi, S. Gascoin, A. Boudhar, M. Leblanc, G. Boulet, A. Benkaddour, J. Abaoui, V. Simonneaux, F. Driouech, S. Belaqziz, G. Bigeard, G. Boulet, F. Raibi, J. Chirouze, B. Coudert, L. Drapeau, M. El Adnani, A. El Fazziki, O. Hagolle, N. Laftouhi, A. El Mandour, A. Marchane, A. Diarra, G. Aouade, J. Toumi, Y. Hajhouji, P. Fanise, H. Ibouh, N. Filali,  B. Mougenot, H. Marah, A. Mokssit, Y. Kerr, G. Chehbouni. 2014. Remote Sensing of Water Resources in the semi-arid Mediterranean areas: The Joint International Laboratory TREMA. 4th International Symposium Recent Advances in Quantitative Remote Sensing Torrent (Valencia), Spain, 22-26 September 2014.

Mroos K., Baroni G., Er-Raki S., Francke T., Khabba S., Jarlan L., Hanich L., Oswald S.E., 2014. Assessment of the soil water balance by the combination of cosmic ray neutron sensing and eddy covariance technique in an irrigated citrus orchard (Marrakesh, Morocco). European Geosciences Union General Assembly, Vienna, Austria 27 April – 02 May 2014.

Leblanc M., Gascoin S., Le Page M., Fakir Y., Hanich L., Khabba S.,  Jarlan L., Leblanc S., Leduc C., 2014. Intensification of groundwater use in the Mediterranean region observed at different scales. European Geosciences Union General Assembly, Vienna, Austria 27 April – 02 May 2014.

Merlin O., Y. Malbéteau, V. Stefan, S. Er−Raki, M. J. Escorihuela, S. Gascoin, S. Khabba, V. Le Dantec, C. Mattar, B. Molero, C. Rüdiger, L. Jarlan, Thermal Infrared: key integrator of multi−spectral/multi−resolution data for surface energy water balance studies in semi−arid regions, Recent Advances in Quantitative Remote Sensing, Valencia, Spain, Sept.

Book Chapters

Cheggour A., Simonneaux Vincent, Roose Eric. Effets des plantations forestières sur banquettes sur le ruissellement et l'érosion par rapport aux parcours dans les montagnes semi-arides du Haut-Atlas de Marrakech (Maroc). In : Roose Eric (ed.), Duchaufour H. (ed.), De Noni Georges (ed.), Lutte antiérosive : réhabilitation des sols tropicaux et protection contre les pluies exceptionnelles. Marseille : IRD , 2012, 5 p. (Colloques et Séminaires). ISBN 978-2-7099-1728-5

Er-Raki, S., Ezzahar, J., Khabba, S., Jarlan, L., Chehbouni, G., 2012. Micrometeorology tools for measuring evapotranspiration from the leaf to the region. In: Evapotranspiration: Processes, Sources and Environmental Implications. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 1-23.  ISBN:978-1-62417-138-3 (

Ezzahar J. , Er-Raki, S., Bouarifi W., Jarlan L., Marah H., Khabba S., Ed Dabdouby M., Chehbouni G., 2012. Estimation of the evapotranspiration over sparse and tall vegetation using the Large Aperture Scintillometer. In: Evapotranspiration: Processes, Sources and Environmental Implications. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 167-181. ISBN: 978-1-62417-138-3.1 (    


Berjamy, Le Page, "The Tensift Hydraulic Basin Agency uses satellite information to improve management of water resources", in Satellites going Local, The water edition.

"The Tensift Hydraulic Basin Agency in Morocco relies on remote sensing for Integrated Water Resources Management" in Window on GMES, special issue "Discover what GMES can do for european region and cities", pp 30-31


“De l’eau, du blé et des hommes”, 2016 - 12 min - A film shot by M.-C. Burg, B. Mantaux and T. Chevallier in the frame of the undergraduate interdisciplinary exchange program of IRD Body/Sorbonne-Universités. With the participation of M. H. Kharrou (ORMVAH), O. Merlin (IRD), S. Khabba (UCAM), A. Chakir (IRD), A. Amazirh (PhD student), B. Aït Hssaine (PhD student), Z. Rafi (Master student) and Jamal El-Fakh (Master Student). 

©2015 Joint Experiment for Crop Assessment and Monitoring